کردن

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Central Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

کردن (kirdin) (present stem کە)

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]


See also[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script?] (kyrd, kwn-), from Old Persian [script?] (kar-, to do, make, build), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kar- (to do, make), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make, construct). Modern Indo-Iranian cognates include Ossetian кӕнын (kænyn), конд (kond), Pashto كول (kawël, krël), Baluchi kan-, ku(r)t-, Kurdish kirin, ki-, Zazaki kerdiš, ken-, and Hindustani करना / کرنا (karnā). [Arabic?]

The generic root for "to do, make" has developed in a wide range of specific activities, which have been preserved in old derivations such as: سگالیدن (segâlidan, to think meditate), پیکار (peykâr, picture, statue), نگاشتن (negâštan, to paint), انگاشتن (engâštan, to suppose; believe, consider), انگاریدن (angâridan, to think, imagine; paint, figure).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Harakat: كَردَن
  • IPA(key): /kæɾˈdæn/, [kʲæɾˈdæn]
  • (file)
  • (dialectal, Mashhad, Yazd, Shiraz: some people, Bushehr, Hamadan, Abadeh, Khesht, Konartakhteh, Dashtestan) IPA(key): /keɾˈdæn/, [kʲeɾˈdæn]

Verb[edit]

Dari کردن
Iranian Persian کردن
Tajik кардан (kardan)

کردن (kardan) (present stem کن)

  1. to do
  2. to make
  3. (vulgar) to engage in a sexual act with

Usage notes[edit]

کردن (kardan) is often used to make verbs from nouns and adjectives. The resulting compound verb is conjugated as shown below with the invariant prefix.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • کردن in Hayyim, Sulayman (1934-1936), New Persian–English dictionary, Teheran: Librairie-imprimerie Beroukhim
  • kardan in Francis Joseph Steingass (1892), A Comprehensive Persian-English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul