ܐܒܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾab-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʔabbɑ(ʔ)], [ʔăvɑ(ʔ)]

Noun[edit]

ܐܒܐ m (plural ܐܒܗܬܐ ,ܐܒܗܐ ; singular feminine counterpart ܐܡܐ)

  1. father
  2. (in the plural) parents
  3. (figuratively) forefather, ancestor, progenitor
  4. monk, abbot; bishop
  5. chief, leader
  6. (figuratively) author, originator, founder, inventor
  7. teacher
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually, the plural ܐܒܗܐ (ʾăḇāhēʾ) is used for literal senses while ܐܒܗܬܐ (ʾăḇāhāṯāʾ) is used for figurative senses.
  • The word ܐܒܐ is one of only three nouns in the entire language that have an irregular possessive stem ending in the letter Waw; the other two being ܐܚܐ (ʾaḥḥāʾ, brother) and ܚܡܐ (ḥəmāʾ, father-in-law).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from an earlier uncontracted form ܐܢܒܐ (ʾenbāʾ), possibly from Akkadian inbu[Cuneiform?]. Compare Hebrew אֵב (ʾēḇ).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʔɛbbɑ(ʔ)], [ʔabbɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔɛbbe(ʔ)], [ʔabbe(ʔ)], [ʔɛbbɑne(ʔ)], [ʔabbɑne(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܐܒܐ m (plural ܐܒܢܐ ,ܐܒܐ)

  1. produce, fruit, vegetable
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʔabbɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔabbe(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܐܒܐ m (plural ܐܒܐ)

  1. crocodile
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • ")b" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 1a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 1b-2a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1