ܓܕܡܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܓ-ܕ-ܡ (IPA(key): /ɡ-d-m/) related to cutting off; compare Hebrew גִּזּוּם (gizzûm). The sense of "apocope" is a calque of Arabic جَزْم (ǧazm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡ(ə)ðɑmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ɡ(ə)ðɑme(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܓܕܡܐ m (plural ܓܕܡܐ)

  1. hewing off, disjunction, disjointedness
  2. (grammar) shortening, abbreviation, contraction; absolute or construct state
  3. (linguistics, prosody) apocope, apheresis
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܓ-ܕ-ܡ (IPA(key): /ɡ-d-m/) related to cutting off. Compare Arabic جَذْم (ǧaḏm) and Hebrew גֶּזֶם (gézem).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɡɛðmɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ɡɛðme(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܓܕܡܐ m (plural ܓܕܡܐ)

  1. pruned branch(es), trimmed foliage
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "gdm" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 43a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 61a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 206b