ܗܝ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compare Arabic هِيَ (hiya) and Hebrew הִיא (hîʾ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ܗܝ (f (plural ܗܢܝܢ, masculine singular ܗܘ, masculine plural ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (personal) she, it
  2. (intensive) she herself, it itself
  3. sometimes used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notes[edit]
  • Syriac does not have a neuter gender. The sense of "it" comes when translating Syriac inanimate nouns that are grammatically feminine into English inanimate nouns that are usually neuter.
  • As an intensive pronoun, ܗܝ () must come before the noun it describes.

Etymology 2[edit]

Modified from above, with the initial consonant quiescing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [-(ʔ)i] (after a word ending in a consonant)
  • IPA(key): [-j] (after a word ending in a vowel, forming a diphthong)

Pronoun[edit]

ܗܝ ([h]ī, -yf (plural ܐܢܝܢ, feminine singular ܗܘ, feminine plural ܐܢܘܢ)

  1. an enclitic used as a copula for a third-person singular feminine subject; she is, it is
  2. (with a preceding first- or second-person singular pronoun) an enclitic used as a copula for a singular feminine subject; (I) am, (you) are
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually, the form ܗܝ ([h]ī) is written separately from the word it follows while the alternative form (-y) is written together with the word it follows.
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ܗܝ (hāy) f (plural ܗܢܝܢ ; singular masculine counterpart ܗܘ ; plural masculine counterpart ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that
Usage notes[edit]
  • As an attributive adjective, ܗܝ (hāy) can come either before or after the noun it describes without any change in meaning.

Pronoun[edit]

ܗܝ (hāyf (plural ܗܢܝܢ, masculine singular ܗܘ, masculine plural ܗܢܘܢ)

  1. (demonstrative) that thing, that one
  2. used somewhat like a definite article; the
Usage notes[edit]
  • The sense of the definite article "the" is used especially when translating Ancient Greek texts, being the equivalent of the Ancient Greek feminine singular definite article ().

References[edit]

  • "hy" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. Retrieved 2011-06-11.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 74a-b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 103a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 339b