ܛܒܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ܛ-ܘ-ܒ (IPA(key): /tˁ-w-b/) related to being good. Compare Arabic طَاب (ṭāb) and Hebrew טוֹב (ṭôḇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tˁɑvɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [tˁɑve(ʔ)] (plural)

Adjective[edit]

ܛܒܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܛܒܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܛܒܬܐ)

  1. good, pleasant
  2. valuable, precious
  3. excellent, honourable
  4. useful
  5. equivalent
  6. strong
  7. happy, joyful
  8. beautiful
  9. kind, gracious, benevolent, beneficent, favourable
  10. (botany) cultivated
Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܛܒܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܛܒܐ)

  1. good, goodness, excellence
  2. virtue, benefit
  3. kindness, benevolence
  4. prosperity
  5. (in the plural) notable persons
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܛ-ܒ-ܒ (IPA(key): /tˁ-b-b/) related to informing. The sense of "predicate" is a calque of Arabic خَبَر (ḫabar).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [tˁɛbbɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [tˁɛbbe(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܛܒܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܛܒܐ)

  1. message, report, news, tidings, knowledge
  2. rumor/rumour, saying, story
  3. fame
  4. thing, affair
  5. (grammar) predicate
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܛܒܐ (transliteration needed)

  1. absolute singular of ܛܒܝܐ
  2. construct singular of ܛܒܝܐ

References[edit]

  • "Tb" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, pp. 121b, 123a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, pp. 165a-b, 166a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, pp. 507b-508a