ܪܘܚܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *rūḥ- (to blow, breathe; spirit). Cognate with Arabic رُوح (rūḥ) and Hebrew רוּחַ (rûaḥ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ruħɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ruħe(ʔ)], [ruħɑθɑ(ʔ)], [ruħɑne(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܪܘܚܐ (transliteration needed) f (plural ܪܘܚܢܐ ,ܪܘܚܬܐ ,ܪܘܚܐ)

  1. spirit, specter/spectre, ghost, demon
  2. life, breath
  3. wind, vapor/vapour
  4. (geography) cardinal direction
  5. flatulence
  6. smell, odor/odour
  7. pain
Inflection[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Though this word is feminine, ܪܘܚܐ ܕܩܘܕܫܐ (rūḥāʾ də-quḏšāʾ, Holy Spirit) is masculine.

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ܪ-ܘ-ܚ (IPA(key): /r-w-ħ/) related to expanding.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [r(ə)wɑħɑ(ʔ)]

Noun[edit]

ܪܘܚܐ (transliteration needed) m (uncountable)

  1. joy
  2. (grammar, orthography) name of a vowel mark equivalent to /o/
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root ܪ-ܘ-ܚ (IPA(key): /r-w-ħ/) related to expanding.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [rawħɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [rawħe(ʔ)] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܪܘܚܐ (transliteration needed) m (plural ܪܘܚܐ)

  1. space, interstice
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • "rwx" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 341a-b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, pp. 533b-534a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, pp. 1445b-1446a