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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܛ (IPA(key): /ʃ-l-tˁ/) related to dominating. Compare Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān).


  • IPA(key): [ʃultˁɑnɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃultˁɑne(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܘܠܛܢܐ (šūlṭānāʾm (plural ܫܘܠܛܢܐ)

  1. power, might
  2. domination, victory
  3. sway, mastery, control
  4. free will
  5. yielding
  6. permission
  7. function, duty, charge
  8. authority, rule, government, office
  9. sovereignty, imperium, jurisdiction, capacity
  10. dominion, territory, district, province, diocese
  11. sultan, prince
  12. chief, ruler, commander, governor, magistrate
  13. (used with possessive suffixes as a title) Excellency



  • "$wlTn" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 370a
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 565b
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 1528a-b