अस्ति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be).

Verb[edit]

अस्ति (asti) (cl.2 P. root √as)

  1. to be
  2. to live
  3. to exist, be present
  4. to take place, happen
  5. to abide, dwell, stay
  6. to belong to (+ genitive or dative)
  7. to fall to the share of. happen to any one (+ genitive)
  8. to be equal to (+ dative)
  9. to turn out, tend towards any result, prove (with dative)
  10. to become
  11. to be (i.e. used as copula, but not only with adjective, but also with adverb)

Conjugation[edit]

present tense (gaṇa #2 / parasmaipada)
person singular dual plural
1st person (अहम्) अस्मि (ásmi) (आवाम्) स्वः (svaḥ) (वयम्) समः (smaḥ)
2nd person (त्वम्) असि (asi) (युवाम्) स्थः (sthaḥ) (यूयम्) स्थ (stha)
3rd person (सः/, तत्, सा) अस्ति (asti) (तौ, ते, ते) स्तः (staḥ) (ते, तानि, ताः) सन्ति (santi)

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 122