क्षप्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *k(ʷ)sep- (night). Cognates include Hittite 𒅖𒉺𒀭𒍝 (ispanza), Avestan 𐬑𐬴𐬀𐬞𐬀𐬥 (xšapan) and Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐎱𐎺 (xšap-) (Persian شب (šab)).

Noun[edit]

क्षप् (kṣápf

  1. night
    • RV 1.79.6
      कषपो राजन्नुत तमनाग्ने वस्तोरुतोषसः |
      स तिग्मजम्भ रक्षसो दह परति ||
      kṣapo rājannuta tmanāghne vastorutoṣasaḥ |
      sa tighmajambha rakṣaso daha prati ||
      O Agni, shining of thyself by night and when the morning breaks,
      Burn, thou whose teeth are sharp, against the Rākṣasas.
  2. a measure of time equivalent to a whole day of twenty-four hours
  3. darkness
    • RV 1.64.8
      सिंहा इव नानदति परचेतसः पिशा इव सुपिशो विश्ववेदसः |
      कषपो जिन्वन्तः पर्षतीभिर रष्टिभिः समित सबाधः शवसाहिमन्यवः ||
      siṃhā iva nānadati pracetasaḥ piśā iva supiśo viśvavedasaḥ |
      kṣapo jinvantaḥ pṛṣatībhir ṛṣṭibhiḥ samit sabādhaḥ śavasāhimanyavaḥ ||
      Exceeding wise they roar like lions mightily, they, all-possessing, are beauteous as antelopes;
      Stirring the darkness with lances and spotted deer, combined as priests, with serpents' fury through their might.
  4. water

See also[edit]