चक्र

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit चक्र (ćakrá), from Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷékʷlos (circle, wheel).

Noun[edit]

चक्र (cakramUrdu spelling چکر

  1. wheel
  2. cycle
  3. circle
  4. disc
  5. round
  6. fraud

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷékʷlos (circle, wheel). Cognates include Avestan 𐬗𐬀𐬑𐬭𐬀 (čaxra-, wheel)', Persian چرخ (čarx), Old Church Slavonic коло (kolo), Lithuanian kãklas, Tocharian B kokale, Ancient Greek κύκλος (kúklos), Latin colus and Old English hwēol (English wheel).

Noun[edit]

चक्र (cakrán

  1. the wheel (of a carriage, of the Sun's chariot, of Time)
  2. a potter's wheel (ShBr.)
  3. a discus or sharp circular missile weapon, especially that of Vishu
  4. a circle (Puranic)
  5. an astronomical circle, the zodiac
  6. a mystical circle or diagram
  7. a cycle, cycle of years or of seasons
  8. a circle or depression of the body (for mystical or chiromantic purposes; 6 in number, one above the other), the fontenelle or union of the coronal and sagittal sutures;
  9. (prosody) name of a poetic metre
  10. a troop, multitude

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0380