नव

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬥𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬀 (nauua), Persian نو (nou)), from Proto-Indo-European *néwos. Other cognates include Ancient Greek νέος (néos), Latin novus, Tocharian B ñuwe, Old Church Slavonic новъ (novǔ), and Old English nīwe (English new).

Adjective[edit]

नव (náva)

  1. new, fresh, recent, young, modern
  2. often in compounds with a substantive
    नवान्न (navānna) — new rice or grain; first-fruits
  3. or with a past participle in the sense of "newly, just, lately"
    नवोदित (navodita) — newly risen (sun)
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

नव (návam

  1. young monk, novice
  2. crow
  3. a red-flowered पुनर्नवा (punarnavā)
  4. name of a son of उशीनर (uśīnara) and नवा (navā)
  5. name of a son of विलोमन् (viloman)
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

नव (návan

  1. new grain
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root to praise, commend (to praise, commend).

Noun[edit]

नव (navam

  1. praise, celebration
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root to sound loudly, roar, thunder (to sound loudly, roar, thunder).

Noun[edit]

नव (navam

  1. sneezing
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

See नवन् (navan, nine).

Numeral[edit]

नव (náva)

  1. (cardinal) in त्रिणव (triṇava) and in compounds: nine

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, pages 0530, 0531