पुरु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *pr̥Hus, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁ús (much), zero-grade derivative of the root *pelh₁- (to fill). Cognates include Latin plūs (more), Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, much, many), Old Irish il (much), and Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu, much, very).

Indo-Iranian cognates include Avestan 𐬞𐬊𐬎𐬭𐬎 (pouru-, much), Ossetian фыр (fyr, much), and Old Persian 𐎱𐎽𐎺 (paruv, much, many, too much, very) (New Persian فره (fira, much, more)).

Adjective[edit]

पुरु (purú)

  1. much, many, abundant (only पुरू (purū), पुरूणि (purū́ṇi), पुरूणाम् (purūṇām) and several cases of f पूर्वी (pūrvī); in later language only a the end of a compound) (RV. etc.)
  2. much, often, very (also with a comparative or superlative)
    with सिमा (simā) — everywhere
    with तिरस् (tirás) — far off, from afar
    पुरारु (purā*rú) — far and wide
    पुरु विश्व (purú víśva) — one and all, every

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

पुरु (purúm

  1. the pollen of a flower (L.)
  2. heaven, paradise (L.)
  3. (cf. पूरु (pūru)) name of a prince (the son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā and sixth monarch of the lunar race) (MBh., Śak.)
  4. name of a son of Vasu-deva and Saha-devā (BhP.)
  5. name of a son of Madhu (VP.)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0636