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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *pr̥Hus, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁ús (much), zero-grade derivative of the root *pelh₁- (to fill). Cognates include Latin plūs (more), Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, much, many), Old Irish il (much), and Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌻𐌿 (filu, much, very).

Indo-Iranian cognates include Avestan 𐬞𐬊𐬎𐬭𐬎 (pouru-, much), Ossetian фыр (fyr, much), and Old Persian 𐎱𐎽𐎺 (paruv, much, many, too much, very) (New Persian فره (fira, much, more)).


पुरु (purú)

  1. much, many, abundant (only पुरू (purū), पुरूणि (purū́ṇi), पुरूणाम् (purūṇām) and several cases of f पूर्वी (pūrvī); in later language only a the end of a compound) (RV. etc.)
  2. much, often, very (also with a comparative or superlative)
    with सिमा (simā) — everywhere
    with तिरस् (tirás) — far off, from afar
    पुरारु (purā*rú) — far and wide
    पुरु विश्व (purú víśva) — one and all, every



पुरु (purúm

  1. the pollen of a flower (L.)
  2. heaven, paradise (L.)
  3. (cf. पूरु (pūru)) name of a prince (the son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā and sixth monarch of the lunar race) (MBh., Śak.)
  4. name of a son of Vasu-deva and Saha-devā (BhP.)
  5. name of a son of Madhu (VP.)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0636