मृत

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *mr̥twós, *mr̥tós (dead, mortal), *mr̥tó-, ultimately from the root *mer- (to die, disappear). Cognates include Latin mortuus and Old Church Slavonic мрътвъ (mrŭtvŭ). See also मर्त, derived from a related root.

Adjective[edit]

मृत (mṛtá)

  1. dead, deceased, death-like, torpid, rigid
    • RV 10.18.3a
      इमे जीवा वि मर्तैरावव्र्त्रन्नभूद भद्रा देवहूतिर्नोद्य ||
      ime jīvā vi mṛtairāvavṛtrannabhūd bhadrā devahūtirnoadya |
      Divided from the dead are these, the living: now be our calling on the Gods successful.
  2. departed, vanished (as consciousness)
  3. vain, useless
  4. calcined, reduced (said of metals)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

मृत (mṛtán

  1. death
  2. = चैत्य (caitya), a grave
  3. begging, food or alms obtained by begging

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0827