रथ

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂os (car), a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *Hroteh₂ (wheel). Cognates include Latin rota, Old Irish roth, Old High German rad and Lithuanian ratas.

Noun[edit]

रथ (rátham

  1. chariot, car, especially a two-wheeled war-chariot (lighter and swifter than the अनस् (anas)), any vehicle or equipage or carriage (applied also to the vehicles of the gods), waggon, cart
  2. warrior, hero, champion
  3. the body
  4. limb, member, part
  5. Calamus rotang, a rattan palm.
  6. Dalbergia ougeinensis, blackwood
  7. = पौरुष (pauruṣa)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From verbal root रमते (ramate, to delight, be glad, rejoice etc.).

Noun[edit]

रथ (ratham

  1. pleasure, joy, delight (compare मनोरथ (manoratha))
  2. affection, love
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 0865