वर

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verbal root वृणोति (vṛṇoti, to cover, screen, veil, conceal, hide, surround, obstruct).

Noun[edit]

वर (váram

  1. "environing", "enclosing", circumference, space, room (RV., AV., TS.)
    वर आ पृथिव्याः (vara ā pṛthivyāḥ) — on the wide earth
  2. stopping, checking (RV. I, 143, 5)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verbal root वृणोति (vṛṇoti, to choose, select).

Adjective[edit]

वर (vará)

  1. choosing
    पतिंवरा (patiṁvarā) — a woman who chooses her husband for herself
    स्वयंवरा (svayaṁvarā) — self-choice, the election of a husband by a princess or daughter of a kṣatriya at a public assembly of suitors
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

वर (varám

  1. "chooser", one who solicits a girl in marriage, suitor, lover, bridegroom, husband (rarely "son-in-law") (RV. etc.)
  2. a bridegroom's friend (MW.)
  3. a dissolute man (= वित (vita) or षिड्ग (ṣiḍga)) (L.)
Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

वर (vára)

  1. "select", choicest, valuable, precious, best, most excellent or eminent among (genitive, locative, ablative, or compound) or for (genitive) (ŚrS., MBh. etc.)
  2. (at the end of a compound) royal, princely (Jātakam.)
  3. better, preferable, better than (ablative, rarely genitive) or among (ablative) (Mn., MBh. etc.)
  4. eldest (W.)
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

वर (váram

  1. boon, gift, reward, benefit, blessing, favour (RV. etc.)
    वराय (varāya), वरम् आ (varam ā), प्रति वरम् (prati varam) or वरं वरम् (varaṁ varam) — according to wish, to one's heart's content
    मद्वरात् (madvarāt) — in consequence of the boon granted by me
    váraṃ-√vṛ — to choose a boon
    varaṃ-√yāc or ā-√kāṅkṣ or √brū or causative of pra-√arth — to prefer a request
    váraṃ √dā, varam pra-√dā or pra-√yam — to grant a boon or blessing
    varaṃ-√labh — to receive a boon or reward
  2. benefit, advantage, privilege (Daś.)
  3. charity, alms (VarBṛS.)
  4. dowry (Pañcat.)
  5. a kind of grain (= वरत (varata)) (KātyŚr., Sch.)
  6. bdellium (L.)
  7. sparrow (L.)
  8. name of a son of श्वफल्क (śvaphalka) (VP.)
  9. saffron (BhP.) (in compounds not always separable from the homographic word meaning "enclosing, etc")
Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, pages 0921, 0922