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Etymology 1[edit]

From the verbal root वृणोति (√vṛ, to cover, screen, veil, conceal, hide, surround, obstruct).


वर (váram

  1. "environing", "enclosing", circumference, space, room (RV., AV., TS.)
    वर आ पृथिव्याः (vára ā́ pṛthivyā́ḥ) — on the wide earth
  2. stopping, checking (RV. I, 143, 5)

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verbal root वृणोति (√vṛ, to choose, select).


वर (vará)

  1. choosing
    पतिंवरा (patiṃ-varā) — a woman who chooses her husband for herself
    स्वयंवरा (svayaṃ-varā) — self-choice, the election of a husband by a princess or daughter of a kṣatriya at a public assembly of suitors


वर (varám

  1. "chooser", one who solicits a girl in marriage, suitor, lover, bridegroom, husband (rarely "son-in-law") (RV. etc.)
  2. a bridegroom's friend (MW.)
  3. a dissolute man (= वित (vita) or षिड्ग (ṣiḍga)) (L.)


वर (vára)

  1. "select", choicest, valuable, precious, best, most excellent or eminent among (genitive, locative, ablative, or compound) or for (genitive) (ŚrS., MBh. etc.)
  2. (at the end of a compound) royal, princely (Jātakam.)
  3. better, preferable, better than (ablative, rarely genitive) or among (ablative) (Mn., MBh. etc.)
  4. eldest (W.)


वर (váram

  1. boon, gift, reward, benefit, blessing, favour (RV. etc.)
    वराय (várāya), वरम् आ (váram ā́), प्रति वरम् (práti váram) or वरं वरम् (váraṃ varam) — according to wish, to one's heart's content
    मद्वरात् (mad-varāt) — in consequence of the boon granted by me
    váraṃ-√vṛ — to choose a boon
    varaṃ-√yāc or ā-√kāṅkṣ or √brū or causative of pra-√arth — to prefer a request
    váraṃ √dā, varam pra-√dā or pra-√yam — to grant a boon or blessing
    varaṃ-√labh — to receive a boon or reward
  2. benefit, advantage, privilege (Daś.)
  3. charity, alms (VarBṛS.)
  4. dowry (Pañcat.)
  5. a kind of grain (= वरत (varata)) (KātyŚr., Sch.)
  6. bdellium (L.)
  7. sparrow (L.)
  8. name of a son of श्वफल्क (śvaphalka) (VP.)
  9. saffron (BhP.) (in compounds not always separable from the homographic word meaning "enclosing, etc")



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, pages 0921, 0922