सोम

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Sanskrit[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *sauma. Cognate with Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬊𐬨𐬀 (haoma). Morphologically from the root सुनोति (√su, to press out, extract).

Adjective[edit]

सोम (sóma)

  1. relating to soma (probably written for सौम (sauma))
  2. (probably) together with उमा (umā)

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

सोम (sómam

  1. juice, extract, (especially) the juice of the soma plant, (also) the soma plant itself
  2. Soma deity personified
    • RV 8.48.3
      अपाम सोममम्र्ता अभूमागन्म जयोतिरविदाम देवान |
      किं नूनमस्मान कर्णवदरातिः किमु धूर्तिरम्र्त मर्त्यस्य ||
      apāma somamamṛtā abhūmāghanma jyotiravidāma devān |
      kiṃ nūnamasmān kṛṇavadarātiḥ kimu dhūrtiramṛta martyasya ||
      We have drunk Soma and become immortal; we have attained the light, the Gods discovered.
      Now what may foeman's malice do to harm us? What, O Immortal, mortal man's deception?
  3. the moon or moon-god
  4. soma sacrifice
  5. a day destined for extracting the soma-juice
  6. Monday (= सोमवार (soma-vāra))
  7. nectar
  8. camphor
  9. air, wind
  10. water
  11. a drug of supposed magical properties
  12. a particular mountain or mountainous range (according to some the mountains of the moon)
  13. a particular class of fathers (पितृ (pitṛ́)) (probably for सोमपा (soma-pā))
  14. name of various authors (also with पण्डित (paṇḍita), भट्ट (bhaṭṭa), शर्मन् (śarman) etc.)
  15. = सोमचन्द्र (somacandra), or सोमेन्दु (some-ndu)
  16. name of a monkey-chief

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

सोम (sóman

  1. rice-water, rice-gruel
  2. heaven, sky, ether

Declension[edit]