हनु

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *jʰanus (compare Avestan zānu, Old Persian danūg-, Parthian zanax, Persian زنخ (zanakh, chin), چانه (čâne)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénu-, *ǵénus (chin, jaw). Further cognates include Ancient Greek γένυς (génus), Latin gena, Tocharian A śanwem, Old Armenian ծնաւտ (cnawt), Lithuanian žandas, Welsh gen, and Old English ċinn (English chin). The initial #h- instead of expected #j- is unexplained.

Noun[edit]

हनु (hánuf

  1. a jaw (also हनू (hánū))
    • RV 10.79.1c
      अपश्यमस्य महतो महित्वममर्त्यस्य मर्त्यासु विक्षु |
      नाना हनू विभ्र्ते सं भरेते असिन्वती बप्सती भूर्यत्तः ||
      apaśyamasya mahato mahitvamamartyasya martyāsu vikṣu |
      nānā hanū vibhṛte saṃ bharete asinvatī bapsatī bhūryattaḥ ||
      I HAVE beheld the might of this Great Being. Immortal in the midst of tribes of mortals.
      His jaws now open and now shut together: much they devour, insatiately chewing.

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

हनु (hánun

  1. cheek
  2. a particular part of a spearhead

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

हनु (hanuf

  1. "anything which destroys or injures life", a weapon
  2. death
  3. disease
  4. various kinds of drugs
  5. a wanton woman, prostitute

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

हनु (hanum

  1. name of a particular mixed tribe

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams, A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1898, page 1288