ประธาน

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Thai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit प्रधान (pradhāna, leading, presiding, etc.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [prä˩.tʰä̃ːn˧]

Noun[edit]

ประธาน (RTGS: prathan)

  1. presiding officer (of a meeting, a body of persons, etc.).
  2. (Buddhism) the fourfold effort, that is,
    1. the effort to prevent the arising of evil intentions which have not yet arisen (สังวรประธาน; sangwarapathan);
    2. the effort to abandon the evil intentions which have arisen (ปหานประธาน; prahanaprathan);
    3. the effort to encourage the arising of good intentions which have not yet arisen (ภาวนาประธาน; phawanaprathan); and
    4. the effort to maintain the good intentions which have arisen (อนุรักขนาประธาน; anurakkhanaprathan).
  3. (grammar) subject.

Adjective[edit]

ประธาน (RTGS: prathan)

  1. chief, leading, main, or presiding.
    • พระประธาน
      Presiding image (the main Buddha image of a temple).