ἄρχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *arkhein (to begin, rule, command)[1]. Compare Old Armenian արքայ (arkʿay).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ἄρχω (arkhō) future: ἄρξω aorist: ἦρξα perfect active: ἦρχα perfect mediopassive: ἦργμαι aorist passive: ἤρχθην

  1. I am first
  2. I begin
  3. I lead, rule, govern, command

Usage notes[edit]

For the sense of "begin", the object which is begun generally takes the genitive case. However, a noun in genitive case can also signify that which is begun from or begun with.

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots