ἔχω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *seǵʰ-. Cognates include Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀐 (e-ke), Sanskrit सहते (sahate) and Old English siġe.

Verb[edit]

ἔχω (ékhō)

  1. I have, possess, contain, own
    1. I keep, have charge of
    2. (with accusative of place) I inhabit
    3. (of place) I keep (to the left/right) of
    4. I possess mentally, understand
    5. I involve, admit of
  2. I hold
    1. I hold fast, grip
    2. (of arms and clothes) I bear, wear
    3. (of a woman) I am pregnant
    4. I hold a course, guide, drive, steer
    5. I hold back, stay, check
  3. (with infinitive) I have means to do, I am able
    1. I have to, must
    2. (followed by a dependent clause) I know
  4. (impersonal) there is
  5. (intransitive) I hold myself, keep balanced
    1. I hold fast
    2. (with genitive) I keep from
    3. I am
    4. (with adverbs of manner) I am, I happen
    5. (with genitive of manner) I am well off for something; I abound in it
    6. (post-Homeric, with aorist participle) I keep (doing something)
  6. (middle) I hold myself fast, cling closely to
    1. I come next to, follow closely, neighbour
    2. I depend
      1. I am connected with by etymology
    3. I pertain to
    4. I bear or hold for myself
    5. I maintain myself, stand my ground
      1. (with accusative) I repel from myself
    6. I keep myself back, abstain from, refrain from
Usage notes[edit]

The future ἕξω (héksō) has a continuative aspect ("I will have") whereas σχήσω (skhḗsō) has an inchoative aspect ("I will get").

Inflection[edit]


Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From * ϝεχέτω, from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (to move, drive). Cognates include Latin vehō, Sanskrit वहति (vahati) and Old English wegan (English weigh).

Verb[edit]

ἔχω (ékhō)

  1. to bear, carry, bring
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]