ἤπειρος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *ā́peri̯os, from Proto-Indo-European *Heh₂per- (Beekes) or *h₂eh₁/h₂per-io- (Kroonen). Cognates include Proto-Germanic *ōferaz and possibly Old Armenian ափն (apʿn); see those for more. If the appurtenance of Armenian is accepted, we may be dealing with a heteroclitic r/n-stem.

According to Specht apud Olsen, this Indo-European root is a vrddhi derivative from the etymon of Sanskrit अपर (ápara, posterior, later, latter).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ἤπειρος (ḗpeiros) (genitive ἠπείρου) f, second declension

  1. mainland, land
  2. The mainland of Greece
  3. continent
  4. inland areas (as opposed to coastal areas)

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • LSJ
  • “*ōf(e)ra-” in Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 394
  • “ἤπειρος” in Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume I, page 523
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The Noun in Biblical Armenian, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, page 136
  • “āpero-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume I, page 53