ῥαίνω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *weri. Cognates include Latin ūrīnor, Old Armenian գայռ (gayṙ), and Sanskrit वार् (vā́r), वारि (vā́ri).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ῥαίνω (rhainō)

  1. I sprinkle
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 12.431
      πάντῃ δὴ πύργοι καὶ ἐπάλξιες αἵματι φωτῶν ἐρράδατ᾽ ἀμφοτέρωθεν
      Yea, everywhere the walls and battlements were sprinkled with blood of men from both sides
    • 405 BCE, Aristophanes, The Frogs 1441
      εἰ ναυμαχοῖεν κᾆτ᾽ ἔχοντες ὀξίδας ῥαίνοιεν ἐς τὰ βλέφαρα τῶν ἐναντίων.
      If there were a sea battle, and then they had bottles of vinegar, they could sprinkle them in the enemies' eyes.
    1. (figuratively)
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 8.57
        χαίρων δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς / Ἀλκμᾶνα στεφάνοισι βάλλω, ῥαίνω δὲ καὶ ὕμνῳ
        And I myself rejoice as I fling garlands over Alcmaeon and sprinkle him with song
    2. I sprinkle water

Inflection[edit]

Other forms attested: Epic third-person plural perfect indicative passive ἐρράδαται and similar pluperfect ἐρράδατο.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]