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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
肉-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • U+2EBC (when used as a left Chinese radical in compositions)

The radical form ⺼ looks very similar to (moon), and is often drawn identically in compounds, though they are etymologically distinct, and careful usage distinguishes the cross strokes, with ⺼ written with unattached diagonal strokes. This is particularly an issue in looking up characters by radical; compare 月 index and 肉 index.

The radical form ⺼ may also appear twisted to a diagonal, resembling with an added dot, as in , , and .

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – ribs of an animal’s torso.

肉 肉 肉 肉
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人月人 (OBO), four-corner 40227)

  1. flesh
  2. meat
  3. pulp (of a fruit)
  4. KangXi radical 130

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 973, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29236
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1424, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2931, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8089

Chinese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Min Nan colloquial reading "bah" is possibly of substrate origin, perhaps from Proto-Austronesian *babuy (wild pig) (see baboy).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (肉), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 如六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨuk̚/ /ȵʑi̯uk̚/ /ȵiuk̚/ /ȵiuk̚/ /ȵuwk̚/ /ȵʑĭuk̚/ /ȵʑiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ròu ‹ nyuwk › /*k.nuk/ meat, flesh

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10866 1 /*njuɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. meat, flesh
    • 這種魚的肉異常鮮美。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
    • 这种鱼的肉异常鲜美。 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Zhè zhǒng yú de ròu yìcháng xiānměi. [Pinyin]
      The flesh of this kind of fish has exceptional delicacy.
  2. flesh, pulp

Adjective[edit]

  1. (dialect) spongy, squashy, flabby
  2. (dialect) slow

Proper noun[edit]

  1. KangXi radical 130

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (肉):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. flesh, meat

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Not used in isolation in modern Japanese. Persists in compounds.

Cognate with (shishi, beast, especially one used for meat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しし, romaji shishi)

  1. (obsolete) meat
  2. (obsolete) flesh, as of one's body
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 16, poem #3885); text here:
      者 御奈麻須波夜志
      我がは み膾はやし
      わ が しし は みなます はやし
      wa ga shishi wa mi-namasu hayashi
      use my flesh for your side-dish
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
にく
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*njiuk). Compare modern Min Nan (jiok8) or Hakka (niuk7).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana にく, romaji niku)

  1. meat, the muscle and fat tissue of an animal used as food
  2. the flesh of an animal
  3. the flesh of a fruit or vegetable
  4. one's body, as opposed to spirit
  5. the thickness of a thing
     (いた) (にく)
    ita no niku
    the thickness of a board
  6. (metaphor) the flesh or meat of something, such as an idea, structure, or argument
    議論 (ぎろん) (にく)をつける
    giron ni niku o tsukeru
    to put some meat on an argument, to flesh out an argument
  7. an ink pad, a stamp pad
  8. (theater, kabuki) short for 肉襦袢 (niku juban): flesh-toned undergarments worn by actors and shown when the character has to display their skin
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yuk, yu) (hangeul , , revised yuk, yu, McCune-Reischauer yuk, yu, Yale yuk, yu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.