おはよう

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a compound of (o-, honorific prefix) +‎ 早く (hayaku, early, adv), from adjective 早い (hayai, early).[1][2][3]

Modern Japanese -i adjectives formerly ended in -ki for the attributive form. This medial /k/ dropped out during the Muromachi period, both for the attributive form (-ki becoming -i) and for the adverbial form (-ku becoming -u). However, the adverbial form reverted back to -ku thereafter for most words, with the -u ending persisting in certain everyday set expressions, such as arigatō, ohayō, or omedetō, and in hyper-formal speech.

/ohayaku//ohayau//ohayoː/

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

おはよう (romaji ohayō, historical hiragana おはやう)

  1. good morning

Usage notes[edit]

Most often written in hiragana. May occasionally be seen spelled in kanji, generally for more formal writing. Usually followed by ございます (gozaimasu, it is, formal) in less casual contexts.[1][2][3]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

External links[edit]