お父さん

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Originally a compound of (o-, honorific prefix) +‎ (toto, father) +‎ (-sama, honorific suffix).[1][2]

/ototosama//otottsan//otossan/

The /otossan//otoosan/ progression was artificial; regular Japanese sound changes generally would not allow this shift. The /otoosan/ form first appears in the early Meiji period in educational materials mandated by the 文部省 (Monbushō, Ministry of Education).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

お父さん (hiragana おとうさん, romaji otōsan)

  1. father

Usage notes[edit]

This term is used to describe someone's father. For father in the more general sense of male parent, use the term 父親 (chichioya) instead.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3