アイス

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English ice.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

アイス (romaji aisu)

  1. ice
  2. ice cream, icecream
  3. (slang, archaic, c. mid-late Meiji period) loan shark, usurer

Usage notes[edit]

In the sense of usurer, this word emerged as a play on words, as 高利貸し (kōri kashi, usurer, literally high-interest lender) and 氷菓子 (kōri kashi, ice cream, literally ice candy) have the same readings. This led to usurers being referred to as アイスクリーム (aisu kurīmu), shortened to just アイス (aisu).[1][2]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9