ㅂ니까

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Korean[edit]

Inflectional suffix[edit]

ㅂ니까 (mnikka)

  1. (interrogative suffix for sentence-final verbs in the 합쇼체 (hapsyoche, “formal”) speech level)
    안녕십니까?
    Annyeonghasimnikka?
    How are you? (formal, literally, "Are [you] well/peaceful?")

Usage notes[edit]

ㅂ니까 (mnikka) is used after verbs and adjectives with no finals or ㄹ, which falls out. E.g. 가다 + ㅂ니까 = 갑니까 Will you go?, 알다 + ㅂ니까 = 압니까 "Do you know?"

습니까(seumnikka) is used otherwise, that is, after verbs and adjectives with finals that are not ㄹ. E.g. 먹다 + 습니까 = 먹습니까 "Do you eat?"

Related terms[edit]