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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

丁 丁 丁 丁
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形): a nail.

The modern character for "nail" is /.

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 一弓 (MN), four-corner 10200)

  1. male adult
  2. robust, vigorous
  3. the fourth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. used as a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 75, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2
  • Dae Jaweon: page 135, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 2, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E01

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (丁), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 耕
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 中莖切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɣɛŋ/ /ȶæŋ/ /ȶɛŋ/ /ʈɯæŋ/ /ʈəɨjŋ/ /ȶæŋ/ /ȶɐŋ/
Character (丁), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 當經切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teŋ/ /tieŋ/ /teŋ/ /teŋ/ /tɛjŋ/ /tieŋ/ /tɛŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dīng ‹ teng › /*tˁeŋ/ 4th heavenly stem
dīng ‹ teng › /*tˁeŋ/ nail (n.)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2372 0 /*rteːŋ/
2378 0 /*teːŋ/ 釘(鋌塊)初文

Noun[edit]

  1. man
  2. population, members of a family
  3. cube
  4. the fourth of the ten Heavenly stems
  5. a surname

Number[edit]

  1. fourth
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. leaf, block, cake
  2. 4th in rank, fourth sign of the Chinese calendar

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeong, McCune-Reischauer: chŏng, Yale: ceng)
  • Name (hangeul): 고무래, 장정 (revised: gomurae, jangjeong, McCune-Reischauer: komurae, changjŏng, Yale: komuray, cangceng)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Wu[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

Shanghai:tin IPA(key): /tɪŋ/ Suzhou:tin IPA(key): /tɪŋ/ Ningbo:tin IPA(key): /tɪŋ/ Wenzhou:ten IPA(key): /teŋ/

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.