Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
七-order.gif
Stroke order
七-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

The character 七 was originally a picture of a vertical line and a horizontal line bisecting each other, meaning something like, "cut and throw away the remainder." "Seven" is a borrowed meaning.

The top-most horizontal stroke is done from left to right. The vertical line and bottom-most horizontal line are done as one stroke, from top-left to bottom-right.

七 七 七 七
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十山 (JU), four-corner 40710, composition丿)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-ni-s (seven).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (七), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 親吉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰiɪt̚/ /t͡sʰi̯ĕt̚/ /t͡sʰiĕt̚/ /t͡sʰit̚/ /t͡sʰit̚/ /t͡sʰĭĕt̚/ /t͡sʰjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tshit › /*[tsʰ]i[t]/ seven

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9910 1 /*sn̥ʰid/

Numeral[edit]

  1. seven

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なな, romaji nana)

  1. seven
  2. a gambler
Related terms[edit]
  • See below (related terms for pronunciation 2)

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しち, romaji shichi)

  1. seven
Related terms[edit]

Number[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
6 7 8
    Cardinal :

(しち, shichi) or (なな, nana)

  1. seven; 7
    なな (nana) is used instead of しち (shichi) in conversation because しち (shichi) is considered unlucky.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chil)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: chil, McCune-Reischauer: ch'il, Yale: chil)
  • Name (hangeul): 일곱 (revised: ilgop, McCune-Reischauer: ilgop, Yale: ilkop)
  1. seven

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thất)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.