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See also: Ξ, , , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
三-bw.png
Stroke order
三-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

三 is formed by writing three times; note that all horizontal strokes are written left-to-right. Since means one, 三 means three. Chinese characters often exhibit tripling to show a group of something; 三 is thus similar to and other characters formed the same way.

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一一一 (MMM), four-corner 10101, composition)

  1. three

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 76, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12
  • Dae Jaweon: page 138, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 4, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E09

See also[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Chinese *sum, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-thum "three" (compare Classical Tibetan gsum)

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping saam1, saam3, Yale saam1, saam3)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sam (sam1), Guangdong sam1, Hagfa Pinyim sam1)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Japanese financial/formal form): 参

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. three

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal :

(さん, san)

  1. three, 3

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

/mi1/: [mi].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. three

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sam, McCune-Reischauer: sam, Yale: sam)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: set, McCune-Reischauer: set, Yale: seys)
  1. three

References[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin sān
Zhuyin ㄙㄢ
IPA (key) /sa̠n⁵⁵/
Audio
(file)

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin sān (san1), Wade-Giles san1)

Compounds[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin sān)

  1. three

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin sān)

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-21.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*sɑm)


Min Nan[edit]

Han character[edit]

(POJ saⁿ (saⁿ1), sam (sam1), sàm (sam3))


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tam)