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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
个-bw.png
Stroke order
个-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from .

Han character[edit]

(radical 2 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 人中 (OL), four-corner 8020.0, composition𠆢)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 78, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 70
  • Dae Jaweon: page 158, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 103, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E2A

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (个), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古賀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑH/ /kɑH/ /kɑH/ /kɑH/ /kaH/ /kɑH/ /kɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kaH › /*kˤa[r]-s/ tally, piece, item

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3854 1 /*kaːls/ 分別字

Definitions[edit]

  1. piece, item; individual
    • 个人 ("an individual; personal")
    • 个体 ("individuality")
  2. size, height
  3. separate, respective; separately, individually
    • 个别 ("individual, separate; some, a couple of")
  4. single, alone
  5. (dialectal) one
  6. The generic classifier. Used with nouns lacking specific classifiers.
  7. Alternative classifier, for nouns having specific classifiers. Often colloquial and regional. Usage varies greatly between different topolects.
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]yī ge rén [Pinyin] — one person; alone
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]měi ge rén [Pinyin] — every person, everyone
    • [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad. and simp.]jat1 go3 zeng2 [Jyutping] — a well
    • [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad. and simp.]jat1 go3 fong2 [Jyutping] — a room
  8. (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle, placed between a verb and numbers, showing that the following numbers are approximate, not accurate.
    • 他们 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Tāmen liǎ jiù chà ge yī liǎng suì. [Pinyin]
      The age difference between them is only about one or two years.
  9. (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle, placed between a verb and its object or complement, adding a sense of ease, swiftness and one-offness to the action.
    • 休息休息 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]chī ge fàn, xǐ ge zǎo, xiūxi xiūxi [Pinyin] — have some food, have a shower and have some rest
  10. (Mandarin, colloquial) Particle used after .
  11. (dialectal Mandarin) Particle used in some time-related words.
  12. (obsolete, Wu, Xiang, Gan, dialectal Cantonese, dialectal Min) (= ) this; that
  13. (Wu) Word-initial particle, serving as the definite article.
  14. (obsolete, Cantonese, Wu) (C = , W = ) Possessive particle. Equivalent to Mandarin .
  15. (dialectal) Sentence-final declarative, affirmative, or prohibitive particle. Equivalent to Mandarin , .

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():


Japanese[edit]

See also , and

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. counter for articles
  2. individual

Readings[edit]

  • New Nelson: 25
  • Halpern: 1959
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 6f8.15
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation came from a confusion with . is a variant of , and its pronunciation would have been as in , , , etc.

Hanja[edit]

(gae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gae, ga, McCune-Reischauer: kae, ka, Yale: kay, ka)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
  • Meaning: small piece
  • (gae; original pronunciation (ga))
  • (nat gae)