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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
中-bw.png
Stroke order
中-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

This definition is lacking an etymology or has an incomplete etymology. You can help Wiktionary by giving it a proper etymology.

Pictogram (象形) a vertical stroke passing throught the center of , indicating the center.

Originally a pictograph of a string heddle .

It is also interpreted as a flagpole piercing the middle of a frame or an arrow in the center of a target.

中 中 中 中
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Old Chinese *trjəngʷ (Li Fanggui (1971)). Cognate with Old Tibetan གཞུང (gzhung, middle, center).[1]

References[edit]

  • Richard Sears, "" (in English/Mandarin), Chinese Etymology. URL accessed on 2014-02-24.

Han character[edit]

(radical 2 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 中 (L), four-corner 50006, composition)

  1. center, middle
  2. central
  3. in the midst of, during (a period of time)
  4. (abbreviation) China, Chinese
  5. hit (target)
  6. attain

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇
  • KangXi: page 79, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 73
  • Dae Jaweon: page 158, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 28, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4E2D

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (中), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuŋ/ /ȶi̯uŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/ /ʈiuŋ/ /ʈuwŋ/ /ȶĭuŋ/ /ȶiuŋ/
Character (中), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 陟仲切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuŋH/ /ȶi̯uŋH/ /ȶiuŋH/ /ʈiuŋH/ /ʈuwŋH/ /ȶĭuŋH/ /ȶiuŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhōng ‹ trjuwng › /*truŋ/ center
zhòng ‹ trjuwngH › /*truŋ-s/ hit the center
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17407 0 /*tuŋ/
17410 0 /*tuŋs/

Noun[edit]

  1. middle, center

Adjective[edit]

  1. medium, intermediary
  2. (dialect) all right, OK

Preposition[edit]

  1. within, among, in
  2. while, in the process of, during, in the middle of

Proper noun[edit]

  1. China, Chinese
    • 中國 [trad.] / 中国 [simp.]zhōngguó [Pinyin] — China
  2. A surname​. Zhong
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation2[edit]


Verb[edit]

  1. to hit the mark, to be correct, to be succesfull
  2. to be hit by, to suffer, to be affected by
  3. to win (a prize, a lottery)
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana なか, romaji naka)

  1. inside
  2. middle

(hiragana ちゅう, romaji chū)

  1. middle
  2. during
  3. being in the process of doing
  4. second volume of a three volume set

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

(うち, uchi)
(うち, uchi)
内 is the most common kanji for this pronunciation.
  1. inside

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ちゅう, romaji Chū)

  1. short form for China or Chinese, Sino- (prefix)
    日中関係 (にっちゅうかんけい)
    Nitchū kankei
    Sino-Japanese relations

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あたる, romaji Ataru)

  1. A female given name

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana じゅう, romaji -jū)

  1. during, in the course of, throughout
  2. all over, everywhere

(hiragana ちゅう, romaji -chū)

  1. being in the process of doing

Usage notes[edit]

The distinction between じゅう () and ちゅう (chū) is somewhat confusing: じゅう means throughout, in all places, as in 一日中 (ichinichijū, “all day long”) or 体中 (karadajū, “throughout the body”), while ちゅう means within, but not everywhere, as in 授業中 (jugyōchū, “in class, during class”). Contrast “I worked on this all day long” with “I worked on this in class (but not necessarily for the entire time)”.


Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jung, McCune-Reischauer: chung, Yale: cwung)
  • Name (hangeul): 가운데 (revised: gaunde, McCune-Reischauer: kaunde, Yale: kawuntey)
  1. the middle, the center, the heart, the midst

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(jung) (hangeul )

  1. Hanja form? of , “the middle, medium, during”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trung, trong, truông, đúng, trúng, truồng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]