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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from

Han character[edit]

(radical 2 +8, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中中人日 (LLOA), four-corner 28063, composition ⿰⿰丨⿱⿸𠂉)

  1. draw near, approach
  2. descend
  3. 19th hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (臨), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力尋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪm/ /li̯əm/ /liəm/ /lim/ /lim/ /lĭĕm/ /ljem/
Character (臨), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 良鴆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liɪmH/ /li̯əmH/ /liəmH/ /limH/ /limH/ /lĭĕmH/ /ljemH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lín ‹ lim › /*(p.)rum/ look down at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9801 1 /*b·rɯm/