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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
丸-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a hand holding an object.

Also Simplified from in some characters, such as .

丸 丸
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 3 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 大弓戈 (KNI), four-corner 50017)

  1. small round object
  2. pellet, pill

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 94
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 42, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+4E38

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (丸), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡官切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɦʷɑn/ /ɦwan/ /ɣuɑn/ /ɣuɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wán ‹ hwan › /*[ɢ]ʷˤar/ pellet; ball
wán ‹ hwan › /*ɦʷˤar (< *[ɢ]ʷˤar)/ 烏丸 Wūhuán: Avars (W. Hàn)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12608 1 /*ɡʷaːn/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ball; circular thing such as a bullet or pill
  2. counter word for pills
  3. being circular
  4. make a thing circular
  5. a whole thing

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 34
  • Halpern: 3417
  • Halpern Learners: 2134
  • Heisig: 44
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a3.28
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana まる, romaji maru)

  1. circle
  2. (colloquial) 半濁点, a semi-voicing mark

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana まる, romaji maru-)

  1. whole, complete

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana まる, romaji -maru)

  1. suffix for ship names

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwan, McCune-Reischauer: hwan)
  • Name (hangeul): 둥글 (revised: dunggeul, McCune-Reischauer: tunggǔl)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoàn, hòn, giúp, xắp, xóp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]