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See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ancient 𠄎; Ideogram (指事) – pregnant woman (swollen breasts and stomach); compare .

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹尸 (NHS), four-corner 17227, composition𠄎丿)

  1. then
  2. really, indeed
  3. as it turned out, after all
  4. namely
  5. you, your (pre-classical)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 81, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 113
  • Dae Jaweon: page 165, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 31, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E43

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (乃), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 奴亥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nʌiX/ /nɑ̆iX/ /nᴀiX/ /nəiX/ /nəjX/ /nɒiX/ /nɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nǎi ‹ nojX › /*nˤəә(ŋ)ʔ/ your
nǎi ‹ nojX › /*nˤəәʔ/ then

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9337 0 /*nɯːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. be
  2. just

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nae)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: nae, McCune-Reischauer: nae, Yale: nay)
  • Name (hangeul): 이에 (revised: ie, McCune-Reischauer: ie)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nải, nãi, náy, nảy, nấy, nãy, nới, hồng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]