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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (foot) +  – a foot (止) running into a wall or barrier (一), indicating lack, incomplete. Compare (complete).

Present form cursive simplification: 止 simplified to , 一 changed to 丿; compare semi-cursive .

Han character[edit]

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹戈弓人 (HINO), four-corner 20307, composition丿)

  1. lack
  2. poor

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (乏), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 乏
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 房法切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨɐp̚/ /bʱi̯wɐp̚/ /biɐp̚/ /biɐp̚/ /buap̚/ /bĭwɐp̚/ /biɐp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjop › /*[b](r)[o]p/ lack (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2852 3 /*bob/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: pip, McCune-Reischauer: p'ip)
  • Name (hangeul): 모자랄 (revised: mojaral, McCune-Reischauer: mojaral)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phạp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.