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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
九-bw.png
Stroke order
九-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a stylized hand, with bent wrist/forearm (hence the hook stroke at lower right). Earlier forms resemble , .

九 is meant to symbolize a fist tightening to bump up against something; thus, there is a metaphorical bumping up of nine against ten, which is the the last number when counting on one's fingers.

Original meaning was elbow (now ).

九 九 九 九
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN), four-corner 40017, composition丿)

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 83, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 48, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E5D

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Chinese *kuʔ, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d/s-kəw (compare Classical Tibetan dgu)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (九), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 舉有切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨuX/ /ki̯ə̯uX/ /kiuX/ /kiuX/ /kuwX/ /kĭəuX/ /kiəuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǔ ‹ kjuwX › /*kuʔ {*[k]uʔ}/ nine
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6941 1 /*kuʔ/

Numeral[edit]

  1. nine

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nine

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
8 9 10
    Cardinal :

From Early Middle Chinese. Goon, the initial reading when first borrowed into Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. ninth

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. the ninth

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese. Kan'on, a later reading. Borrowed after palatalisation occurred in Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きう)

  1. nine

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū, historical hiragana きう)

  1. nine
  2. an indeterminate large number, a myriad, a great many
  3. (divination) the number of yang, in opposition to (roku, six) as the number of yin
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (large number):

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ここの, romaji -kokono)

  1. nine

Etymology 4[edit]

/kokono//kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono (“nine”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana この, romaji kono)

  1. nine
    ひい、ふう、みい、…なな、やあ、この、とお
    hī, fū, mī, ... nana, yā, kono, tō
    one, two, three, ... seven, eight, nine, ten
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as この to make the reading unambiguous.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku, Yale: kwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 아홉 (revised: ahop, McCune-Reischauer: ahop, Yale: ahop)
  1. nine

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cửu)

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Wu[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

Latin Alphabet: juˇ Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄐ一ㄡˇ

(transliteration needed)

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