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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
乱-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from (𤔔).

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹口山 (HRU), four-corner 22610, composition)

  1. chaos, rebellion, uprising or revolt
  2. confused, be disordered; be disturbed

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 84, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 187
  • Dae Jaweon: page 171, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 53, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+4E71

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (亂), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 郎段切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/ /lʷɑnH/ /lwanH/ /luɑnH/ /luɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
luàn ‹ lwanH › /*[r]ˤo[n]-s/ disorder, rebellion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8645 3 /*roːns/

Adjective[edit]

  1. in disorder, in a confusion
  2. confused

Noun[edit]

  1. disorder
  2. upheaval
  3. chaos
  4. riot
  5. turmoil
  6. unrest

Verb[edit]

  1. to confuse
  2. to mix up
  3. to jumble

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
らん
Grade: 6
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana らん, romaji ran)

  1. revolt, rebellion

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ran) (hangeul , revised ran, McCune-Reischauer ran)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loạn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.