Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
人-order.gif
Stroke order
人-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left radical)

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – resembles the legs of a human being. The ancient version of this character depicted a man with arms and legs. Compare .

人 人 人 人
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 人 (O), four-corner 80000)

  1. person
  2. people
  3. humanity
  4. someone else

Usage notes[edit]

In print, 人 may have symmetric legs. However in handwriting, to distinguish from , the right leg will be shorter, the shape looking like a ʎ; in 入 the left leg is shorter.

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 91, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 344
  • Dae Jaweon: page 190, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 101, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+4EBA

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping jan4, Yale yan4)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ ngìn (nyin5), Guangdong ngin2 [Meixian, Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim ngin1, ngin2)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

/hi1to2/: *pitə > ɸito > çito

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. person
  2. human
  3. someone else
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese .

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana にん, romaji -nin)

  1. people
Usage notes[edit]

The above reading is used when counting three people or more. When counting one or two people, namely 一人 (hitori, one person) or 二人 (futari, two people), the reading is (-ri).

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Chinese . Later borrowing than nin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana じん, romaji -jin)

  1. person from that group; -ian
  2. person who does the activity of the suffixed word

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(in)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: in, McCune-Reischauer: in, Yale: in)
  • Name (hangeul): 사람 (revised: saram, McCune-Reischauer: saram, Yale: salam)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin rén
Zhuyin ㄖㄣˊ
IPA (key) /ʐən³⁵/
Audio
(file)

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin rén (ren2), Wade-Giles jen2)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin rén)

  1. man, person, people
    • John 1.4
      生命在他里头。这生命就是的光。
      shēngmìng zaì tā lǐtou. Zhè shēngmìng jiùshì rén de guāng.
      In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
    是谁?nà rén shì shéi?
    Who is that person?
    敲门了。 yǒu rén qiāo mén le.
    Someone knocked on the door.
  2. human being
    人类 mankind
  3. physical, psychological or moral quality or condition
    就我所知,他不错。jiù wǒ suǒ zhī, tā rén bùcuò.
    As far as I know, he is kind.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "Jukuu" (in Mandarin/English), Jukuu. URL accessed on 2014-03-20.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*njin)


Min Nan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ lâng)

  1. person; people

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, POJ jîn or lîn)

  1. person; people

Usage notes[edit]

  • When by itself, is always read as lâng. For compound words, Min Nan resembles Japanese, in that there does not seem to be a consistent rule for when to use the vernacular vs. literary pronunciation. Certain compounds will always use the vernacular (ex. siàu-liân-lâng young person), whereas others will always use the literary pronunciation (ex. Hàn-jîn (trad. 漢人, simpl. 汉人) ethnic Han Chinese).

Alternative forms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhân, nhơn)

References[edit]


Wu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (vernacular, Quzhou) IPA(key): [ ɲiɲ ] nin
  • (vernacular, Shanghai) IPA(key): [ ɲɪɲ ] nhin/gnin
  • (literary, Quzhou) IPA(key): [ ʒən ] zhen
  • (literary, Shanghai) IPA(key): [ zən ] zen

Noun[edit]

  1. person; people

Usage notes[edit]

  • When by itself, is always read as [ɲɪɲ]. For compound words, Wu resembles Japanese, in that there does not seem to be a consistent rule for when to use the vernacular vs. literary pronunciation.

Compounds[edit]