人民

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (人民, reconstructed)
Character (人), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Character (民), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 彌鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/miɪn/ /mi̯ĕn/ /miĕn/ /min/ /min/ /mĭĕn/ /mjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (人民, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyin › /*niŋ/ (other) person
mín ‹ mjin › /*miŋ {*mi[ŋ]}/ people
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10800 1 /*njin/
9130 1 /*min/

Noun[edit]

人民

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) people

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (人民):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
じん
Grade: 1
みん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 人民 (*njin *min). Compare modern Mandarin 人民 (rénmín), Wu 人民 (zen min (T3)), Min Nan 人民 (jîn-bîn).

Formerly pronounced with a consistent goon reading of ninmin, later changing to a mixed kan'on / goon reading of jinmin.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

人民 (hiragana じんみん, romaji jinmin)

  1. the people, the general public, the citizens

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Hanja[edit]

人民 (inmin) (hangeul 인민, revised inmin, McCune-Reischauer inmin, Yale inmin)

  1. the people (of a country), citizens

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

人民

  1. Hán tự form of nhân dân, "people"