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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

see

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人戈 (OI), X人戈 (XOI), composition)

  1. Buddha

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 364
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 110, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4ECF

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. Buddha
  2. France (from 仏蘭西)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Abbreviation of ateji term 仏蘭西 (ふらんす, Furansu, France).

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ふつ, romaji Futsu)

  1. France.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sinitic 佛陀 (Fó​tuó), itself from Sanskrit Buddha.

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ぶつ, romaji butsu)

  1. Buddhism.

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ぶつ, romaji Butsu)

  1. Abbreviation of 仏陀 (ぶっだ, Budda, Buddha).

Etymology 3[edit]

ほとけ (hotoke): hoto from Sinitic 佛陀 (Fó​tuó), itself from Sanskrit Buddha; ke probably the suffix (ke), possibly added to signify mystical or visible.

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ほとけ, romaji hotoke)

  1. A Buddha: an enlightened or awakened sentient being.
  2. A statue or image of any Buddha.
  3. The deceased, a departed soul.
  4. A term that a parent calls a child expressing parental affection: "my dear".
    • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 7)
      「我子の、変化の人と申ながら、こゝら大きさまでやしなひたてまつる心ざし、をろかならず。 [...]」
    • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 61)
      「あが、何事思ひたまふぞ。おぼすらんこと、何事ぞ」

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ほとけ, romaji Hotoke)

  1. Śākyamuni Buddha, Nepalese spiritual and philosophical teacher and founder of Buddhism; Siddhartha Gautama.
  2. Any of the other Buddhas named in Buddhist scriptures.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bul) (hangeul , revised bul, McCune-Reischauer pul, Yale pwul)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (fo2), Wade-Giles fo2)

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