以下

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Pronunciation[edit]


Postposition[edit]

以下

  1. (Elementary Mandarin) below; under

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4

Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

以下 (hiragana いか, romaji ika)

  1. less than; at most, not more than, not exceeding
    • 1950, 久坂葉子, 落ちてゆく世界:
       (ゆき)ちゃん、おばさん今日 (きょう)から一日 (いちにち)五十円 (ごじゅうえん)以下 (いか) ()まそうと (おも)ってるのよ。
      "yukichan, obasan kyō kara ichinichi o go jū en ika de sumasō to omotteru no yo.
      Yuki, starting today your grandma has decided to spend no more than 50 yen per day, okay?
  2. the following; "the [something] below" (such as text or a diagram)
    • 1918, 芥川龍之介, あの頃の自分の事:
      以下 (いか)小説 (しょうせつ) ()種類 (しゅるい)のものではないかも ()れない。
      Ika wa shōsetsu to yobu shurui no mono de wa nai kamoshirenai.
      What follows may perhaps not be considered any type of novel.

Antonyms[edit]