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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
任-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (person) + phonetic  – a person doing their duty.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 人竹土 (OHG), four-corner 22214, composition)

  1. trust to, rely on, appoint
  2. to bear, duty, office
  3. allow
  4. a Chinese surname

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 94, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 416
  • Dae Jaweon: page 200, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 122, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4EFB

Chinese[edit]

 
to assign; to appoint; office; responsibility
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (任), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如林切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪm/ /ȵʑi̯əm/ /ȵiəm/ /ȵim/ /ȵim/ /ȵʑĭĕm/ /ȵʑjem/
Character (任), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 汝鴆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪmH/ /ȵʑi̯əmH/ /ȵiəmH/ /ȵimH/ /ȵimH/ /ȵʑĭĕmH/ /ȵʑjemH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rèn ‹ nyimH › /*n[əә]m-s/ burden; charge (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10808 1 /*njɯm/
10823 1 /*njɯms/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. responsibility
  2. duty
  3. term
  4. entrust to
  5. appoint

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana にん, romaji nin)

  1. duty, responsibility, obligation

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(im) (hangeul , revised yim, McCune-Reischauer im)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhậm, nhẩm, nhầm, nhiệm, nhâm, nhăm, nhặm, vững)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]