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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
來-bw.png
Stroke order
來-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

It is shaped like corn or wheat (similar to ), symbolizing the coming of the crops. Its ancient sound begins with "ml-". The meaning "come" was originally represented by , adding a radical meaning "footprint" or "walk slowly". Their meanings have interchanged. M-remaining is 麥, l-remaining is 來.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木人人 (DOO), four-corner 40908)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 101, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 581
  • Dae Jaweon: page 214, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 141, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4F86

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (來), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 洛哀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lʌi/ /lɑ̆i/ /lᴀi/ /ləi/ /ləj/ /lɒi/ /lɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lái ‹ loj › /*mə.rˁək (› *mə.rˁə)/ a kind of wheat
lái ‹ loj › /*rˁək (› *rˁə)/ come
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7598 0 /*m·rɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. used after a verb of motion to indicates movement away from the speaker
    • 下來 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]xiàlái [Pinyin] — to come down ( compare 下去 ("to go down") )
    • 進來 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]jìnlái [Pinyin] — to come in

Verb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) to come; to arrive
  2. to do (specific meaning depending on the context)

Adjective[edit]

  1. next; comming; future
    • [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]lái nián [Pinyin] — next year
  2. (after a number) about; approximately; around

Antonyms[edit]

  • to go; past, previous

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (Cantonese)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. black

Usage notes[edit]

Not used in modern Japanese. The shinjitai character is used instead.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic .

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji rai-)

  1. next, coming (week, year, etc.)
     (らい) (ねん) (らい) (しゅう)
    rainen, raishū
    next year, next week
     (らい)週月曜日 (しゅうげつようび) ()いましょう。
    Raishū getsuyōbi ni aimashō.
    Let's meet Monday next. / Let's meet this coming Monday.

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana らい, romaji -rai)

  1. since, in (a span of time)
    三年 (さんねん) (らい)あれを ()ていない。
    san nen rai are o mite inai.
    I haven't seen that in three years / since three years ago.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. The verb ku is one of the few monosyllabic verb roots in Japanese. This developed into kuru in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(irregular conjugation, hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. (obsolete) to approach ones position from a remote location: to come
    Developed into 来る (くる, kuru) in modern Japanese.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(rae>nae) (hangeul >, revised rae>nae, McCune-Reischauer rae>nae, Yale lay>nay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lai, lay, lơi, ray, rơi, rời)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]