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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +10, 12 strokes, cangjie input 人人人十 (OOOJ), four-corner 80408, composition⿻⿰)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 113, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 966
  • Dae Jaweon: page 241, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 198, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+5098

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (傘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 蘇旱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑnX/ /sɑnX/ /sɑnX/ /sɑnX/ /sanX/ /sɑnX/ /sɑnX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sǎn ‹ sanX › /*[s]ˤarʔ/ umbrella, parasol

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10966 1 /*saːnʔ/ 已見秦簡說文作繖

Definitions[edit]

  1. umbrella, parasol
    /   ―  sǎn  ―  umbrella
    /   ―  yángsǎn  ―  parasol
  2. parachute
    /   ―  tiàosǎn  ―  parachute
    降落 / 降落  ―  jiàngluòsǎn  ―  parachute
    /   ―  sǎnbīng  ―  paratrooper; parachuter

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(counter , hiragana かさ, romaji kasa)

  1. umbrella, parasol
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o sasu
    hold an umbrella
     (かさ) (ひろ)げる
    kasa o hirogeru
    open an umbrella
     (かさ)をすぼめる
    kasa o subomeru
    close an umbrella
     (かさ) ()
    kasa o maku
    roll up an umbrella

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(san) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer san)

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Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tản, tàn, tán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.