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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
元-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

元 元 元 元
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a figure with two lines 二 for a head (one connected to body, one above it), emphasizing the head.

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一山 (MMU), four-corner 10211, composition)

  1. first
  2. unit of currency (substitution of )
  3. origin
  4. head

Synonyms[edit]

  • (first):
  • (unit of currency):
  • (origin):
  • (head):

Derived characters[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (graphically similar)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 123, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 264, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5143

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (元), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 愚袁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ ngjwon › /*[ŋ]o[r] (< nasal + uvular)/ head; first

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16145 3 /*ŋon/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) first; primary
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) basic; fundamental
  3. yuan, unit of currency of renminbi (RMB)

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A Chinese surname​.
  2. the Yuan or Mongol dynasty

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. cause, origin
  2. basis, foundation
  3. cost
     (もと)がとれる
    moto ga toreru
    to be able to cover the cost
  4. (finance) capital
  5. principal

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: won, McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.