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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈竹山 (YIHU), four-corner 00213, composition)

  1. fill, be full, supply

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 260, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 269, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5145

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (充), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 昌 (24)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 昌終切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰɨuŋ/ /t͡ɕʰi̯uŋ/ /t͡ɕʰiuŋ/ /t͡ɕʰiuŋ/ /cʰuwŋ/ /t͡ɕʰĭuŋ/ /t͡ɕʰiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chōng ‹ tsyhuwng › /*tʰuŋ/ full, fill

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1491 0 /*l̥ʰjuŋ/ 說文育省聲

Verb[edit]

  1. (archaic) to serve as

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bring up
  2. grow up
  3. raise
  4. rear

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana みつる, romaji Mitsuru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chung) (hangeul , revised chung, McCune-Reischauer ch'ung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sung)

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