先天下之憂而憂後天下之樂而樂

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Chinese[edit]

 
early; prior; former; in advance; first
the world; everything under the sky; all under heaven
 
(literary equivalent of 的); (subor. part.); him; her; it
worried
 
and; as well as; but (not); yet (not); (shows causal relation); (shows change of state); (shows contrast)
worried
 
back; behind; rear; afterwards; after; later
the world; everything under the sky; all under heaven
 
(literary equivalent of 的); (subor. part.); him; her; it
 
(surname); music; (surname); happy; laugh; cheerful
 
and; as well as; but (not); yet (not); (shows causal relation); (shows change of state); (shows contrast)
 
(surname); music; (surname); happy; laugh; cheerful
trad. (先天下之憂而憂後天下之樂而樂) 天下 天下
simp. (先天下之忧而忧后天下之乐而乐) 天下 天下

Etymology[edit]

From Mencius: Be the first to show concern and the last to enjoy oneself

Pronunciation[edit]

Idiom[edit]

先天下之憂而憂後天下之樂而樂

  1. describes a good leader; the first to bear hardships, and the last to enjoy comforts