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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The character shows the rays of the sun, with the lower lines squared and balanced off.

光-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火一山 (FMU), four-corner 90211, composition ⿱⿱)

  1. light, brilliant, shine, beam, ray
  2. only
  3. to make bare

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1350
  • Dae Jaweon: page 262, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 266, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5149
  • Walsh, Len. Read Japanese Today. Tuttle, 1969, 2002. p. 51.

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping gwong1, Yale gwong1)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Stem noun form of verb  (ひか) (hikaru, to shine, to glitter, to gleam).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひかり, romaji hikari)

  1. a physically perceived light: a light, a gleam, shining, glittering
    ダイヤモンドの (ひかり)
    daiyamondo no hikari
    a diamond's glitter / shine / twinkling
  2. a metaphorical light: glory, a glimmer, a gleam
    前途 (ぜんと) (ひかり) (うしな)
    zento ni hikari o ushinau
    to lose light regarding the future → future prospects grow dim
    解決 (かいけつ)への (みち) (ひかり) ()げかける
    kaiketsu e no michi ni hikari o nagekakeru
    to shed light on the way to a solution
  3. (in compounds) optics
     (ひかり)ファイバー
    hikari faibā
    optical fiber

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana ひかる, romaji Hikaru)

  1. A male given name

(hiragana ひかり, romaji Hikari)

  1. one of the bullet train services running on the Tōkaido/Sanyō shinkansen

(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune-Reischauer kwang, Yale kwang)

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Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin guāng (guang1), Wade-Giles kuang1)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
    • John 1.5
      照在黑暗里,黑暗却不接受光。
      Guāng zhào zaì hēiàn lǐ, hēi'àn què bù jiēshòu guāng.
      And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*guɑng)

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Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ kong (classical), kng (vernacular))

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quang, cuông, quàng, quăng)

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