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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 10 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓日竹山 (NAHU), four-corner 27416)

  1. to forgive
  2. to exempt
  3. to dismiss

Derived characters[edit]

As phonetic:

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (dismiss):

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 124, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1358
  • Dae Jaweon: page 264, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 270, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+514D

Chinese[edit]

 
to exempt; to remove; to avoid; to excuse
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (免), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 亡辨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/miᴇnX/ /mi̯ɛnX/ /miɛnX/ /miɛnX/ /mianX/ /mĭɛnX/ /mjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
miǎn ‹ mjenX › /*mr[o][r]ʔ/ avoid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9065 3 /*mronʔ/

Adverb[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) it is not necessary; there is no need

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana めん, romaji men)

  1. dismissal, being made to quit

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(myeon, mun) (hangeul , , revised myeon, mun, McCune-Reischauer myŏn, mun, Yale myen, mwun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(miễn, mấy, mến, mém, mễm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.